Information, knowledge, science and technology give real power and is more essential for wealth creation of nations than capital or land.
The world is in perpetual change: Science, technology and media are converging.
The widening gap in the economy between the developed and developing countries is essentially a manifestation of science and technology. Within Africa this is clear.
South Korea’s investment in engineering graduates increased enormously from 1970-1990.
In China there is 1 engineer per 200 individuals. cf some countries in Africa 1 per 6000 individuals.
Ghana and South Korea were in similar states in 1970, economically speaking. Politically speaking they were very different.
By 2050 Africa will need to create 18 million new jobs per year to keep up with the increased population within the labour market.
Less than 25% of African students go into STEM at tertiary level.
How can STEM resources be brought in for schools?
- Mathematics are fundamental to the development of Africa since it can be used to investigate problems in various areas that are crucial to development.
- Engineering is an essential tool for development since it enables translation of mathematical modeling results in technological products which benefit society
PISA and TIMSS achievements in mathematics are poor up to now – essentially comes from poor teacher training. Lack of relevant strategies to implement an efficient mathematics teacher continuous professional development program is at the root of this problem.
CANP Mali 2011 EDIMath: Capacity and Networking program.
See here for a detailed paper.